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Geography Post UTME Syllabus

Geography Post UTME Syllabus(PDF Download)

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This is complete Post UTME Syllabus in Geography for candidates who are writing post utme exam this year in various universities. So, if you are preparing for post utme exam, it’s important that you follow this syllabus while you are reading. Try as much as possible to cover it with text books and post utme past questions.

Aim and Objectives

The programme in Geography is structured to help students develop a holistic view about their physical human and environment interrelationships. Most importantly the course aims at developing the students’ ability to think logically on issues involving man environmental relations.

Among the specific objectives are (a), to acquire sufficient knowledge about the physical and chemical components of their surrounding environment and (b), to have adequate knowledge about their human environment through such topical issues in social, economic and cultural geography.


GEO 001: A. Physical Geography

(i)   The Solar System:

–     The earth as a planet in relation to the sun and other planets, the shape and size of the earth.

–     Earth’s rotation and revolution.

–     Latitude, longitude and time.

(ii)   The Structure of the Earth: internal and external structures

(iii) Rocks: Types, characteristics, formation and uses

(iv) Major Landform Features: mountains, plateaux, plains; their types, modes of formation and uses.

(v) Oceans: ocean basins, salinity, ocean currents (causes, types and effects).

(vi) Weather and Climate: definitions, elements, factors, basic weather instruments, weather records, importance of weather and climate, effects of climatic elements, climatic classification based on Greek and Koppens methods, major climatic types.

(vii) Soils: definition, types and properties; factors and processes of soil formation; soil profile; importance of soils: effects of human activities on soil.

(viii) Vegetation: Types and characteristics; distributive factors Influencing their distribution,

(ix) Environmental Resources: human; atmospheric; water vegetation and mineral resources.

(x) External Processes: Weathering and mass movement; definition, types and features.

(xi) Internal processes of Landform Development: earthquake vulcanicity other tectonic processes eg compressional, tensional and faulting action of underground water.

(xii)Environmental Interaction: land ecosystem, environmental balance and interference with the natural environment.

(xiii) Environmental Hazards: Soil erosion, flooding, drought encroachment, deforestation and pollution; causes, effect and preventive methods.


  1. Practical Geography

(i) Map reading and interpretation based on a contoured map of West Africa, especially Nigeria.

(ii) Scale and measurement of distance Directions and bearings

(iii) Conventional symbols, relief representation and drawing of relief profiles

(iv)  Map reduction and enlargement Slope measurement and calculation Interpretation of topographical maps

(v) Graphical representation of geographical data

(vi) Elementary surveying: types: chain, prismatic and traverse (open and close): equipment and procedures; advantages and disadvantages of each type.



GEO 002:

  1. A. Human Geography

(i)   World Population: patterns and factors of population distribution and movement; population growth: factors and problems.

(ii)   Settlement: types; patterns; functions; and factors of settlement location.

(iii) Primary Activities: agriculture; lumbering; quarrying; fishing

(iv) Industry: types; major commodities; factors of industrial location; importance of industries; problems of industrial growth in the developing countries; World Trade Routes, with special emphasis on Trade between Nigeria and the outside world.

(v) Transportation: types (merits and demerits of each mode): transportation and economic development, problems of transportation.

  1. Regional Geography of Nigeria

(i)   Location position and size of Nigeria

(ii)   Political divisions

(iii)  Physical setting: relief drainage, soils and climate.

(iv) Population

(v) Minerals and power resources

(vi) Agriculture

(vii) Industry and commerce

(viii) Transportation.

(ix) Geographical Regions of Nigeria:

Eastern Highlands, Sokoto Plains, Chad Basin, Niger-Benue Trough, Cross River Basin and Southern Coastlands, each of these geographical regions should be treated under Coastlands, each of these geographical regions should be treated under the following sub-headings.


  1. Physical setting
  2. Peoples and population

iii.   Settlement

  1. Resources and economic activities
  2. Transportation
  3. Problems of development.
  4. Regional Geography of Africa with Particular Emphasis on West Africa

Location, size, and position; political divisions and associated islands; major relief regions; drainage systems; climatic types and their characteristic; vegetation; major minerals; and population; and the following selected topics:

  1. Lumbering in Congo Basin.
  2. Irrigation Agriculture in the Nile and Niger Basins.

iii.   Bush fallowing in West Africa

  1. Plantation agriculture in East Africa.
  2. Fruit farming in the Mediterranean region.
  3. Mineral exploitation in Africa (Copper, Petroleum, Gold etc.)

vii. Major hydro-electricity power projects in Africa.

viii. International Economic Cooperation in West Africa (ECO WAS)

recommended: Download Post UTME Past Questions and Answers Here (PDF)

read also:English Language Post UTME Syllabus



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